To be killed, a wooden stake must be thrust through them. The same fate applied to the seventh child in any family if all of his or her previous siblings were of the same sex, as well as someone born too early or someone whose mother had encountered a black cat crossing her path. Shtriga is a vampiric witch in traditional Albanian folklore that sucks the blood of infants at night while they sleep, and then turns into a flying insect (traditionally a moth, fly or bee). " They can be men or women who show themselves at crossroads, bridges, caves, and graveyards and frighten the locals by terrorizing their homes and drinking their blood. Legends of vampires have existed for millennia; cultures such as the Mesopotamians, Hebrews, ancient Greeks, and Romans had tales of demonic entities and blood-drinking spirits which are considered precursors to modern vampires.  In common with vampires, this version of Lilith was held to be able to transform herself into an animal, usually a cat, and charm her victims into believing that she is benevolent or irresistible. However some Japanese mythical creatures bear some similarities to vampires, such as the Nure-onna who is a snake -like woman that feasts on human blood. When he was born his father, Vlad Dracul, was the military governor of Transylvania, appointed by the emperor Sigismund. She is able to detach her fanged head which flies around in the night looking for blood, typically from pregnant women. , Tales of the undead consuming the blood or flesh of living beings have been found in nearly every culture around the world for many centuries. Novels with paranormal creatures such as vampires, werewolves, sirens, etc are considered Paranormal Fantasies. Submit your writing to be published on Thought Catalog. A person born with a caul, an extra nipple, a tail, or extra hair was doomed to become a vampire. -- Richelle Mead, Blood Promise. However Zeus' wife Hera discovered this infidelity and killed all Lamia's offspring; Lamia swore vengeance and preyed on young children in their beds at night, sucking their blood. Similarly, dead strigoi were described as reanimated corpses that also sucked blood and attacked their living family. In addition to being despised for their absolute power, leaders of early cultures were known to be... Porphyria. Despite this condemnation, the vampire lived on in artistic works and in local superstition. Afterwards, she would snatch the newborn from the mother to drink its blood and eat its flesh. They do not age, they can not change their physical appearance, they are vulnerable to sunlight, silver, garlic, crosses and of course the stake through the heart.  Malaysians would hang jeruju (thistles) around the doors and windows of houses, hoping the Penanggalan would not enter for fear of catching its intestines on the thorns. Other causes included having a cat jump across one's grave, eating meat from a sheep killed by a wolf, and being cursed. Almost all other vampire history is based loosely or otherwise on this story. Jim Butcher has an interesting take on vampires. He was assassinated in 1476. Folklore vampires can become vampires not only through a bite, but also if they were once a werewolf, practiced sorcery, were an illegitimate child of parents who were illegitimate, died before baptism, anyone who has eaten the flesh of a sheep killed by a wolf, was the child of a pregnant woman who was looked upon by a vampire, was a nun who stepped over an unburied body, had teeth when … 281.). A rare story found in Sefer Hasidim #1465 tells of an old vampire named Astryiah who uses her hair to drain the blood from her victims.  In these texts, Lilith left Adam to become the queen of the demons (she actually refused to be Adam's subordinate and thus was banished from Eden by God himself) and, much like the Greek striges, would prey on young babies and their mothers at night, as well as males. Documented medical disorders that people accused of being a vampire may have suffered from include haematodipsia, which is a sexual thirst for blood, and hemeralopia or day blindness. They also prefer to eat entrails (specifically the heart and the liver) and the phlegm of sick people. Dracula became prince in 1456 and in his brief reign is estimated to have killed 100,000 people. She appeared as an attractive woman with long black hair that covered a hole in the back of her neck, which she sucked the blood of children with. Vampire Folklore.  Crosses and antidoron (blessed bread) from the church were used as wards in different places. Abs are considered to be afraid of humans; however, if a human is afraid of the ab it may give chase. Blood pours from his nostrils and smoke billows from his ears. Likewise, a settlement could be protected by finding twins who could also see the vampire outdoors at night, who would have to flee immediately after they spotted it.. Book of Dreams and Ghosts. She is then eaten by birds while Yosef the Peddler picks up his pack and resumes his wanderings. Carpathians who gave up on finding their true love become vampires. She further recorded the story that after draining blood from a victim, the shtriga would generally go off into the woods and regurgitate it. Belief in vampires commonly called βρυκόλακας, vrykolakas, though also referred to as καταχανάδες, katakhanades, on Crete persisted throughout Greek history and became so widespread in the 18th and 19th centuries that many practices were enforced to both prevent and combat vampirism. However, the stories of the Loogaroo are widespread through the Caribbean Islands and Louisiana in the United States. she would cut her hair and would wear black for the entire period of mourning. He could not pass over a line of crumbled Host.  In his Philosophical Dictionary, Voltaire wrote:. Sign up for the Thought Catalog Weekly and get the best stories from the week to your inbox every Friday.  Jiangshi legends have inspired a genre of jiangshi films and literature in Hong Kong and East Asia. Join a convent. In the 12th century, Hungarian inquisitors interrogated a pagan shaman during a trial in the city of Sárospatak, who claimed the existence of a demon, which was called "izcacus" (which means blood drinker).  Akin to Lilitu, Lamashtu primarily preyed on newborns and their mothers.  Some traditions spoke of "living vampires" or "people with two souls", a kind of witch capable of leaving its body and engaging in harmful and vampiric activity while sleeping. Until … Mitos y supersticiones de Asturias.  Dogs, cats, plants or even agricultural tools could become vampires; pumpkins or melons kept in the house too long would start to move, make noises or show blood. , Another type of Romanian vampire is pricolici. A cross between what current fiction/legends portray as zombies and vampires, the hooh-strah-dooh was an evil spirit that inhabited recently dead bodies and caused the corpse to rise and devour the living. , Some unusual features of the Chinese vampire include its long, curved fingernails, perhaps derived from the appearance of growing fingernails on corpses due to flesh recession, and its greenish-white furry skin, perhaps derived from fungus or mould growing on corpses. First finding refuge these from a pouring rain, he is eventually seduced to stay and enter into a sexual relationship. Christine Feehan's vampires were the first bad guys ever. They use an elongated proboscis-like tongue to suck fetuses off pregnant women. According to some legends, a vampire may engage in sex with his former wife, which often led to pregnancy.  Cantabria equivalent exists in the name Guajona. It’s largely believed that Dracula is based on a Wallachian Prince named Vlad Tepes, or Vlad Dracul, meaning “The Dragon”, though this may not be so. Blagojevich soon supposedly returned and attacked some neighbours who died from loss of blood. It was not unusual during that century to shove a rock or brick in the mouth of a suspected vampire to prevent it from feeding on the bodies of other plague victims or attacking the living. Calmet amassed reports of vampire incidents; numerous readers, including both a critical Voltaire and supportive demonologists, interpreted the treatise as claiming that vampires existed.
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