Shakur was also the target of the FBI's COINTELPRO (counterintelligence program) directed against Black Power movement groups and activists.. Wilfredo, Cancio Isla (December 18, 2007). Judge Starkey said, "People have constitutional rights, and you can't shuffle them around. , Sundiata Acoli, Assata Shakur, Trooper Harper, and a New Jersey Turnpike driver who saw part of the incident were the only surviving witnesses.  She has praised Fidel Castro as a "hero of the oppressed" and referred to herself as a "20th century escaped slave". She said that the second shot hit her in the back as she turned to avoid it, and that she fell onto the road for the duration of the gunfight before crawling back into the backseat of the Pontiac—which Acoli drove 5 miles (8 km) down the road and parked. Did you shoot or assault Trooper James Harper? "Warrant Issued In Police Slaying". , In an open letter, Shakur has called Cuba "One of the Largest, Most Resistant and Most Courageous Palenques (Maroon Camps) that has ever existed on the Face of this Planet". Assata Olugbala Shakur (born JoAnne Deborah Byron; July 16, 1947, sometimes referred to by her married surname Chesimard) is a former member of the Black Liberation Army, who was convicted of the first-degree murder of State Trooper Werner Foerster during a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike in 1973.  Shakur was announced as one of six suspects in the ambushing of four policemen—two in Jamaica, Queens, and two in Brooklyn—on January 28, 1973. "Police See More Military Arms in Use". Assata is known as the fugitive who broke out of prison after she was convicted of killing a New Jersey state trooper. Harper was wounded; Zayd was killed; Foerster was killed by Acoli. The New York Clearing House Association paid for full-page ads displaying material about Shakur. ", Some sources identify Shakur as the de facto head of the BLA after the arrest of co-founder Dhoruba Moore.  During the trial, hundreds of civil rights campaigners demonstrated outside of the Middlesex County courthouse each day. " Morris County, had a far smaller black population than Middlesex County. A neurologist testified that the median nerve in Shakur's right arm was severed by the second bullet, making her unable to pull a trigger. In 1971, she joined the Republic of New Afrika, an organization aiming to create an independent black nation composed from states like Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana and South Carolina. Asset Shakur.  This trial resulted in a hung jury and then a mistrial when the jury reported to Gagliardi that they were hopelessly deadlocked for the fourth time.  Assata Shakur testified that she was on her way to Baltimore for a job as a bar waitress.  The vehicle was chased by three patrol cars and the booths down the turnpike were alerted. Between 1971 and 1973, she was charged with several crimes and was the subject of a multi-state manhunt. Her other texts in the book are a July 4, 1973 speech ("To My People"), which was broadcast on many radio stations, an exposition on the theory of "armed revolutionary struggle", and many poems.
 Their investigation, which focused on alleged human rights abuses of political prisoners, cited Shakur as "one of the worst cases" of such abuses and including her in "a class of victims of FBI misconduct through the COINTELPRO strategy and other forms of illegal government conduct who as political activists have been selectively targeted for provocation, false arrests, entrapment, fabrication of evidence, and spurious criminal prosecutions".  In April 2017, former San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick's foundation donated $25,000 to the group.  The Resolution was due in no small part to the lobbying efforts of Governor Whitman and New Jersey Representative Bob Franks. At the rally, a statement from Shakur was circulated condemning U.S. prison conditions and calling for an independent "New Afrikan" state. Janson, Donald (February 19, 1977).  The trial was delayed until 1976, when Shakur was represented by Stanley Cohen and Evelyn Williams. This video includes clips from NBC, MTV, 2PacLegacy.Net and CBS images from Getty Images and music from Interscope Records / 2Pac.   The New Jersey State Police and Federal Bureau of Investigation each still have an agent officially assigned to her case. "Police by Hundreds Comb 2 Boroughs for 6 Suspects in Ambush Shootings".  She now identified as an African and felt her old name no longer fit: "It sounded so strange when people called me Joanne.  In 1985, her daughter, Kakuya, who had been raised by Shakur's mother in New York, came to live with her. Parry, Wayne (May 24, 2005), "NY councilman plans rally against Chesimard bounty". Shakur, Assata, and Lewis, Ida E. (November 1, 2000).
 After the selection of twelve jurors (60 were excused), Williams was allowed to retire from the case, with Shakur officially representing herself, assisted by lawyer Florynce Kennedy. , Acoli then drove the car (a white Pontiac LeMans with Vermont license plates)—which contained Assata Shakur, who was wounded, and Zayd Shakur, who was dead or dying—5 miles (8 km) down the road.
 Three other defendants were indicted in relation to the same holdup: Melvin Kearney, who died in 1976 from an eight-floor fall while trying to escape from the Brooklyn House of Detention, Twymon Myers, who was killed by police while a fugitive, and Andrew Jackson, the charges against whom were dismissed when two prosecution witnesses could not identify him in a lineup.  Rutgers University professor H. Bruce Franklin, who excerpts Shakur's book in a class on 'Crime and Punishment in American Literature,' describes her as a "revolutionary fighter against imperialism".  She soon left the party, disliking the macho behavior of the men and believing that the BPP lacked knowledge and understanding of United States black history. Born on July 16, 1947 the aunt of Tupac Shakur has been called the soul of the Black Liberation Army. On May 2 1973, Black Panther activist Assata Shakur (fsn) Joanne Deborah Chesimard, was pulled over by the New Jersey State Police, shot twice and then charged with murder of a police officer.  Bloom had been assigned to defend Hilton over the summer, but White was not disclosed as a government witness until right before the trial. Members of the State Troopers Fraternal Association of New Jersey expressed their anger over Common's "A Song For Assata".
, In July 2017, the Women's March official Twitter feed celebrated Shakur's birthday, leading to criticism from some media outlets.
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